Flowers are the reproductive stucture found in flowering plants.
The biological function of a flower is for reproduction by
often providing a mechanism to unify an egg and sperm.
Flowers may often outcross or allow self-reproduction.
When a flower only has female parts, it is called a carpellate or pistillate flower.
This is because the female parts of a flower make up the carpel, which is also sometimes known as the pistil.
Here you will find the stigma, style, ovary and ovules.
As a flower matures, the ovary will eventually turn into the fruit while the ovules become the seeds.
If a flower only has male parts, it is called a staminate flower.
This is because the male flower contains the stamen.
The stamen is where you will find the filament, anther and the pollen after it's made.
The anther is where the pollen is on a flower, and it sits on top of a stalk, which is also known as the filament.
Without pollen, plants wouldn't be able to reproduce!
Hermaphrodite is used in botany to describe a flower that has both staminate (male, pollen-producing) and carpellate (female, ovule-producing) parts.
This condition is seen in many common garden plants.
A closer analogy to hermaphroditism in botany is the presence of separate male and female flowers on the same individual—such plants are called monoecious.
Monoecy is especially common in conifers, but occurs in only about 7% of angiosperm species.
The condition also occurs in some algae.
Now that you know more about flowers, let's see what types of flowers there are and the more popular types of flowers.